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The Temple - a brief history

The Temple was built in 1792 by Alderman Foss of Richmond for T J Anderson of Swinithwaite Hall, probably as a belvedere or summerhouse, and was used as an observatory for the ladies of the local gentry to watch the progress of hunts and to take in the fine views of the surrounding area. It is a two-storied domed building octagonal in plan.

It's name originates from the nearby Temple Farm, former site of an 11th century preceptory of the Knights Templar Order. On the top of a hill to the south of the Temple can be found the remains of a Templars' Chapel.

The ground floor has a doorway on it's east side and a sash window with date stone on it's north side. The second floor is a smaller octagon permitting a partly-balustered parapet. On the parapet above the ground floor entrance is a carving of a hunting dog. This, together with a decoration of a bow and quiver which formerly adorned the first floor chimney piece, suggests that it may have also been used as a hunting lodge in the past.

In the surrounding wood are the remains of an informal pleasure garden with a mixture of shrubs and remnant specimen trees, part of this garden has been uncovered to restore the original views and re-create an c18th feel.

 

View to the South and Penhill
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Temple Folly
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